There is an increasing recognition that tensions between the brown (pro-poor urban development) and the green (sustainability) agenda, often seen as potentially contradictory, need to be reconciled. This paper finds that the two agendas are not mutually exclusive and as a result their spatial inter-relationships reflect their interlinked causes that need to be understood and planned accordingly. It elaborates on the three prevailing spatial inter-relationships of dominance, complementarity and competition that not only depict varied issues to be dealt with but also indicate potential solutions.


The paper assesses these inter-relationships primarily for the water related hazards and governance issues in Dwarka, a sub-city of Delhi, India. It also suggests that an understanding of these spatial inter-relationships could add to the effectiveness of the participatory approach to address critical issues of sustainability, such as water.


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Chance2Sustain Policy Brief Series - ISSN 2305-5960